When encountering a patient experiencing academic or reading difficulties, early identification and a referral to a qualified professional is critical. Questions to ask your patients:
- Do you have any history of learning or reading difficulties in your immediate or extended family?
- Is the difficulty “unexpected” relative to their other skills?
- Did or does your child have difficulty learning names of colors, letters, and numbers?
- Has your child received any additional literacy support at school?
- Does your child seem frustrated or avoid reading/writing tasks but enjoys being read to?
If your patient responds “yes” to any of these questions, a referral for additional assessment should be made.
Vision therapy, brain training therapies, and movement-based or sensory integration therapies are not effective in remediating reading difficulties.
Joint Statement on Vision Therapy – revised 2014
American Academy of Ophthalmology
American Academy of Pediatrics
American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Vision Efficiency Interventions and Reading Disability by Jack M. Fletcher and Debra Currie
Controversial Therapies for Dyslexia by Bruce Pennington
Evaluation of Fast ForWord® Language Effects on Language and Reading by Richard K. Olson